Introduction: Optimal charging of RC circuits is a well-studied problem in the integer-order domain due to its importance from economic and system temperature hazards perspectives. However, the fractional-order counterpart of this problem requires investigation. Objectives: This study aims to find approximate solutions of the most energy-efficient input charging function in fractional-order RC circuits. Methods: This paper uses a meta-heuristic optimization technique called Cuckoo search optimizer to attain the maximum charging efficiency of three common fractional-order RC circuits. An analytical expression of the fractional capacitor voltage is suggested such that it satisfies the boundary conditions of the optimal charging problem. The problem is formulated as a fractional-order calculus of variations problem with compositional functional. The numerical solutions are obtained with the meta-heuristic optimization algorithm’s help to avoid the complexities of the analytical approach. Results: he efficiency surfaces and input voltage charging curves are discussed for fractional-order in the range 0.5?1. Conclusion: The optimized charging function can approximate the optimal charging curve using at most 4 terms. The charging time and the resistive parameters have the most dominant effect on charging efficiency at constant fractional-order ?. © 2020
AbdelAty A.M., Fouda M.E., Elbarawy M.T.M.M., Radwan A.G.
Cuckoo search optimizer; Fractional capacitor charging; Fractional-order circuits; Optimal charging
Journal of Advanced Research, Vol. 32, PP. 119 to 131, Doi: 10.1016/j.jare.2020.11.014